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Hawaii

Hawaii - Geography

Hawaiian Archipelago on Pacific Ocean

Geological History

About 70 million years ago, deep on the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, a "hot spot" started the process of lava flow, which still continues until today. The visible results today is the 2000 mile long archipelago with the Hawaiian islands as part of it.

On the bottom of Pacific Ocean the "hot spot" was created. From this place, hot lava has been flowing for several million years. The first visible island was Kure (today, its remains make up the Kure Atol). At a later point in history, this "hot spot" merged with the movement of geological plates, and new islands were slowly created. In the process about 132 small islands were created.

The archipelago is about 2400 km long. On the southeast side there are eight inhabited islands:

Ni'ihau, Kaua'i, O'ahu, Moloka'i, Lana'i, Kaho'olawe, Maui and Hawai'i.

Hawaii belongs to Oceania - in term of geography, and to Polynesia in larger context.

The oldest of all islands is Kaua'i. The youngest is still growing from the ocean and will become visible in about 100,000 years.

Eight thousand years before the Ice Age came to its end, the Hawaiian islands became visible in the Pacific Ocean. The remains of the Ice Age on Hawaii is the Lake Waia'u. It's on the top on Mauna Kea which 4200 meters above sea level.

Botany on Hawaiian islands

Hawaiia islands were first inhabited by birds. Later the wind carried seeds of plants and the first fern trees start growing on the islands. Due to its extreme isolation, plants species evolved in unique ways and finally created new plants which only exist on the Hawaiian islands.

When people from South Polynesia arrived in Hawaii, they discovered that about 70 types of birds were unique to the islands. What is amazing is that no reptiles, snakes or frogs have been brought to Hawaii. Before white people came to Hawaii, there were no mosquitos on the islands.

Today in Hawaii, one can see beautiful wild horses and big black wild boors. Not many more big animals can be found in Hawaii..

Climate on Hawaiian Island

The climate of Hawaii is generally a tropical sea climate. Temperatures and humidity are lower than in typical tropical places due to an oceanic breeze. In the summer, temperatures are between 28 - 32 Celsius during the day and around 24 Celsius during the nighttime. In the winter, daytime temperatures are 28 Celsius and 18 C on the higher parts of volcanoes. In the winter, you can find snow on Mauna Loa summit.

On Hawaii there are two seasons: summer from May until October, and winter from October through April.

Generally, the coldest place in Hawaii are in air-conditioned the shopping centers :-) large department stores usually maintain very low temperature

Aloha

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